Fallimento β-cellulare nel diabete mellito di tipo 1 e di tipo 2: esistono meccanismi comuni?

Β-cell jamming in type 1 and type 2 diabetes: are there common mechanisms?

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are two distinct diseases, with different etiology and pathogenesis, but with a common outcome (hyperglycemia), caused by almost complete or reduced loss of β-cell functional mass, respectively. Although the causes that lead to β-cell failure are different (typically immune-mediated for T1D, while related to metabolic stress for T2D), the underlying molecular pathways are almost sim¬ilar in both forms of diabetes. In this review we try to highlight common molecular mechanisms of β-cells damage in T1D and T2D, which could suggest new promising common therapeutic targets.