Epidemiologia e fattori di rischio del diabete di tipo 1

Epidemiology and risk factors of type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a globally rising autoimmune condition. Genetics, viral infections, and environmental factors contribute to T1D. Comprehending these factors, along with the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms, gives rise to the concept of distinct “endotypes” within the disease, paving the way for enhanced strategies in prevention and early intervention. This review highlights the importance of understanding these multifaceted characteristics in the context of T1D, providing a comprehensive analysis of its epidemiology and risk factors, synthesizing information from relevant literature.